Basaltic Lava: Types and Features

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Origin of Vizzini's lavic stone


The Basalt Lava of Vizzini is extracted from the slopes of Mount Lauro, in the Municipality of Buccheri.
The area has very ancient surface lava flows, formed by underwater eruptions, inside of which are incorporated lava monoliths of various sizes washes.

The monoliths were produced by lava flows that run on the slopes of Mount at that time submarine then, they solidified at intervals their face and folds back on itself began to roll to form a compact and rounded lava blocks.

The rapid solidification process outside of the blocks it compressing the core so that it reached very high temperature and then cool quickly; These rapid temperature changes together with the particular chemical structure of lava, have originated the Basalt Lava of Vizzini, with unique physical characteristics.

Physical properties of basalts


The volcanic stone of vizzini is compact with a dark grey color structure and a wide range of shades. The type of surface treatment (Sawed, Polished, Sanding, Bush Hammered) can give at the stone various colour tones than the rough cut.

The structure of the stone is characterized by a diffuse micro porosity in cross section, which makes it:

  • much lighter than other basalts and stones

  • flexible and elastic

  • anti-skid in all conditions

  • is resistant to longitudinal stress of 3/4 degrees and this makes it flexible enough for uses such as flooring and walls clapping without adjustment issues

  • is athermic, resists to high temperatures without undergoing alterations, sound absorbing, impermeable, does not reflect light or sunrays, it is very resistant to wear, impacts, friction and atmospheric agents (rain, snow and ice)...

Volcanic stone types used

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